Place a colon between the introductory sentence and the list. There are also times when a colon is not included. Do not place a colon before the first list item if the list is part of the sentence. Here is an example of how a list may look in a research project or assignment when the list is part of the sentence.
MLA Block Quotations | Guide to Writing
For more detailed information, make sure to check out EasyBib. Also, check out EasyBib. Containers are what hold the source. Is it all necessary? Check out Section 15 above to learn how to arrange the references on the page. Our MLA formatter will help you create citations quickly and easily! Some professors or instructors will provide guidance on how to secure hard copies of projects. If your instructor does not provide you with any expectations or guidance, a simple staple in the top left corner should suffice.
If a stapler is not available, some instructors allow paper or binder clips. Do not fold the top left corner down to secure the pages together. The page could easily unfold, causing a mess of papers. While binders and plastic holders are cute, in reality, they add bulk to a professor or instructor who may like to take the papers home for grading purposes.
Keep the binding simple and clean. Staples work best, and binder and paper clips are the next best option. As always, follow any instructions your professor or teacher may provide. The guidelines found here are simply recommendations. Editing and proofreading your assignment prior to submission is an incredibly important step in the research process.
Editing involves checking the paper for the following items:. Your instructor may ask you to submit a hard copy, or submit it electronically via email or through a course management system. Begin the MLA header one inch from the top and left margins. The MLA format heading and the entire paper should be double spaced.
Privatization of Prisons in Texas. The privatization of governmental services has increased dramatically in the past decade as local, state, and federal agencies have searched for ways to cut costs while still meeting their mandated responsibility to provide various public services. This privatizing trend has particularly affected the criminal justice system.
Since the early s, privatized correctional facilities have increased significantly, nationally and statewide. This policy has far-ranging consequences not only within the criminal justice system, but as an instructive example for government officials when considering the costs and benefits of privatization as a public policy option.
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By , thirty states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico had privately-operated correctional facilities Austin and Coventry 4. This movement has incited considerable debate and controversy, mainly because prison privatization calls for giving the private sector direct control over the lives of a captive human population. Surprisingly, there has been little objective and concrete analysis of the privatization of prisons in the United States. This is probably for two reasons: first, ideological arguments on the matter have pushed out substantive research, and second, because this trend has only recently accelerated in the U.
However, case studies and statistics at the state level are more accessible. With capacity for over 30, prisoners in 43 facilities, the state of Texas has privatized more of its prison system than any state in the nation McDonald and Patten Jr.
How to Paraphrase and Quote
Public policy concerning the criminal justice system has become more daunting and important in the last decade. According to the most recent U. Department of Justice survey, slightly over 2. In comparison, in , 1. At the same time, the growth of privately operated correctional facilities has increased significantly in this country. Private prisons now hold 95, inmates in this country, which is 6.
In Texas, 16, inmates 10 percent of its prison population are held in private facilities, about 10, more than the next highest state. These current statistics show that while state governments have been forced to manage and operate overcrowded and over-capacity prisons at considerable costs, many have turned to the private sector to operate prisons McDonald and Patten Jr. According to the General Accounting Office, prison operating costs have grown steadily since , increasing almost percent since based on inflation-adjusted dollars Austin and Coventry 1.
Prison privatization started in the early s, ostensibly to ease the burden on taxpayers by offering financial relief to private companies to run state prisons. That year, Corrections Corporation of America set up the first privately-operated prison in Tennessee.
Since then, the number of private correctional facility firms has grown to 14 Austin and Coventry 3. The privatization of prisons occurs in two ways. First, state government can contract out or outsource specific services in a correctional facility to a private company after a bidding process.
Second, and more radically, private companies build their own privately-managed prisons and contract with state governments to house their inmates. This latter approach, giving private correctional facility firms wide latitude over inmates, is taken in the Texas criminal justice system.
Due to its length, the remainder of this sample paper is omitted. Austin, James, and Garry Coventry. Emerging Issues on Privatized Prisons. Bureau of Justice Assistance, Feb.
How to Cite a Poem: The Ultimate MLA Formatting Style Guide
Beck, Allen J. Prisoners in Bureau of Justice Statistics, Nov. Abt Associates, 15 Sept. Darling, Michael.
Need another sample paper to peek at? Check out one of our recent blog posts, added in its entirety below.
Take the guesswork out of properly formatting your paper and check out our helpful visual resources below. Lewis and J. The abbreviated MLA paper below linked here without annotations is about J. For starters, the essay is in MLA format. That means it follows the style manual of the Modern Language Association, which tells you how to format the paper itself and every source you cite. Pay special attention to the works cited page.
We only used one type of source books , but both citations are correct according to the 8th edition of MLA , published in You can use this model to write essays for any class using MLA format. Learn more here. Upload a paper to check for plagiarism against billions of sources and get advanced writing suggestions for clarity and style. Get Started. Formatting Overview There are various sections in this guide. Paper Choice While many professors, instructors, and publications allow electronic submission, some prefer printed, hard copies of papers.
See more information below. Here is an example of a running head that might be seen in the top right corner of a research paper: Peterson 7 The running head is placed half an inch from the top margin and one inch from the right margin of the page. General tips to keep in mind: Placed in the upper right-hand corner, one half inch from the top, flush with the right margin.
Type your last name before the page number. To make this process easier, set your word processor to automatically add the last name and page number to each page. Do not place p. Many instructors do not want a page number on the first page. Ask your instructor for their specific preferences. Margins Use one-inch margins around the entire page. Paragraphs Indent the first word in every paragraph. Quotations Quotes are added into assignments to help defend an argument, prove a point, add emphasis, or simply liven up a project.
In a block quote, which is used when a large quote, of 4 lines or more, is added into a project.
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