Comparison of Roman and Greek Architecture Architecture has been a fundamental cornerstone for building societies throughout the entire human development. Architecture in general is constantly changing but the ideas that have been formulated tend to come back and influence the next. They say those who forget history are doomed to repeat it and we can see how we are constantly repeating ourselves in terms of architecture.
We will write a custom essay sample on Comparison of Roman and Greek Architecture or any similar topic only for you. I shall compare and contrast the Greek and Roman ideal styles of architecture, by breaking down both of their discoveries and similarities. Greek architecture has several qualities that mark its work as a fundamental cornerstone in architecture. The Greeks had introduced several interesting factors; the scale of building was now proportioned to that of the human body.
Greek architecture had a seemingly positive outlook on things, unlike its predecessors like the Egyptians which brought out the death in architecture. In addition, the exterior has flying buttresses for pressure displacement with niches decorated using sculptures, pointed arches for increasing stability and strength , ribbed vaults and large windows with stained glass which allowed a lot of light into the cathedral.
Thinner columns were used to support its walls and the soaring height conveyed a sense of divinity. The two artworks have experienced changes and advancements as the years progressed. With the introduction of the Gothic architecture, the Romanesque architecture took a back seat as many builders adopted this new style. However, some buildings were still constructed using it, such as the Natural History Museum constructed in in London.
Moreover, revival churches erected using this architecture are also in existence and were put up from onwards.
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The Gothic style has been widespread due to its strength and flexibility in construction and most of the buildings erected using this architecture still stand up to date. For example, the Chartres cathedral has maintained its original design, stained glass windows and sculptures with several additions over the years. Buildings constructed from the Gothic were tall with pointed arches and had a lot of light streaming into the cathedral and these symbolized divinity or getting closer to God.
The Gothic architecture succeeded the Romanesque architecture and inherited most of the stylistic features of Romanesque. One of the major analogous features of these two artworks is the purpose of the buildings. Both served as religious or worship places where the poverty stricken people and pilgrims went for prayers and accommodation on their way to crusades.
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Moreover, both artworks involved use of stone materials for building. Some of the features included in both styles are: vaults, apse, niches, ambulatory and radiating chapels. The Romanesque and Gothic styles differ in a variety of features. The Romanesque type of building was mainly used for protective purposes while the Gothic cathedrals were used for aesthetic purposes due to its ornate and delicate decorations.
The difference in the two artworks is shown in table 1. The Romanesque and Gothic architectures both started in France with the former preceding the latter in the 11 th and 12 th centuries.
The artworks have different characteristics but the Gothic style borrowed most of its features from the Romanesque style and introduced expansions. Both styles symbolize the civilization of the middle age medieval age and provided a sense of divinity and a way of reaching to God and were primarily used for religious purposes. Sernin cathedral and Notre Dame Cathedrals have been used as illustrations for the artworks. The two buildings share some similarities and differences. The similarities include the function of the buildings and some of their features.
The major differences are the kind of arches used, the thickness of the walls and the flying buttresses.
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The Exam Hall, once Theatre, on the campus of Trinity College Dublin can be viewed as a neo-classical building, built during the Georgian era. Neo-classical architecture is the revival of Greek and Roman classicism that took place in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This was a very significant period for Greek art. Before this time, art lacked dimension and intensity, but the onset of the classical period brought with it influential architecture, vase paintings and sculptures, giving life to its subjects. Many modern day artists draw their creative.
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Ancient Egyptian Greek and Roman Stele Just as we use tombstones to mark graves and commemorate our dead, so too did ancient civilizations. One way to do so in the ancient world was through the use of steles. A stele is a stone slab, usually decorated in relief and inscribed, that honored the death of a person.
Three of the ancient cultures that had implemented the use of the stele were the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans.
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In comparing an example from each civilization, it is possible to see. When comparing Rome and Greece side by side, the two could easily be described as two sides of the same coin. Each heavily influenced the other, cultures mingled and ideas were shared.
Greece and Rome in a sense were sister, but not twins. Sitting on the craggy Balkan Peninsula is a collection of powerful city-states known as Greece. Often credited as the birthplace of western culture, Greek culture shaped the western world into what it is today. Western philosophy, literature, mathematics, history.
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