Chapter Five, the results of the study is reported. In Chapter six presents the conclusion. The incidence of child labour is most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa followed by Asia and the Pacific. The prevalence of child labour is very high in sub-Saharan Africa especially in Nigeria.
Parents consider that the work help children learn new skills, however these children are exposed to hazards and to physical factors. Both countries were colonized by British. Nigeria became a British colony in but acquired its independence in Since independence the country experienced a very violent history.
India's Children: Essays on Social Policy
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with more than million people. The country has the largest oil and gas reserves in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite its oil wealth, however, Nigeria remains highly underdeveloped. Poor governance and corruption have limited infrastructure development and social service delivery and slowing economic growth keeping much of the population suffers from extreme poverty Ploch, In India became British colony and independent in Indian economy is among the fastest in the world, however the level of poverty in India is still high with high rate illiteracy rates, disease, and malnutrition and largest awareness of poor people in the world Krishna , In this chapter I look into the child labour situation in India and Nigeria and how government supporting to eliminate child labour.
The use of child labour is very prevalence in India and the cause is deep rooted with poverty. During the industrial revolution child labour increased, due to the shift of labour movements to colonial countries.
Child labour - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Children can be found in every sector of the informal economy Molanka, There are several factors that force children to work such as inadequate economic growth, poverty, unemployment over population and lack of education and health care Ahmad, On school attendance in India a large number of children between ten to fourteen years of age are not enrolled in school because of household economic condition. High illiteracy and dropout rates are high in India due to inadequacy of the educational system.
India has not yet ratified ILO Conventions and on banning child labour and eliminating the worst forms of exploitation. However the government of India implemented a child labour law in The Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act the legislation sets a minimum age for employment of children at fourteen years and forbid child labour in dangerous sectors.
- source cards for a research paper?
- japanese internment research papers.
- Children 's Rights : Violation Of Child Rights?
- sikh coalition diversity essay competition 2010?
- thesis of reefer madness.
- rajiv gandhi university of health sciences thesis?
- Get Involved.
The Government prohibits forced and bonded child labour but is not able to enforce this prohibition. The Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act does not forbid child labour but consider about regulating it.
But indeed the law does not eliminate all forms of child labour specially when the vast majority of children under the age of fourteen are working in family farms or doing households Venkatarangaiya Foundation; India has a number of child labour projects which have been implemented to help children from hazardous occupations and provide them an education. The aim of NCLP is to help children in hazardous activities and provide non-formal education, vocational training, supplementary nutrition etc.
In spite of various laws regarding child labour and much efforts done by the non-governmental organizations, nonetheless children continue to work on a massive scale in most parts of the country. This is a problem because most child labour laws in India do not cover all types of work such as agriculture, wholesale trade, restaurants and domestic works.
Usually these children are the most vulnerable child labourers Venkatarangaiya Foundation; Despite these efforts, child labour legislation to protect children has been unsuccessful, this is because of the majority of Indian population lives in rural areas with lack of infrastructure and is difficult to enforcement of laws and policies in rural areas. Many of the policies and legislative tools in India are rooted deeply in defection, allowing for illegal behaviours to take advantage of flaws. Child labour is prevalent in urban centers in Nigeria.
This is because a large number of people move from the rural areas to urban area. For instance Uyo is the capital of Akwa Ibom State, the city has experienced rapid urbanization and many poor rural families struggle for a better life in urban areas. The number of child labour is increasing in Nigeria, in , the number of child labour was twelve million while by the number of child labour under the age fourteen has risen to fifteen million Adegun, The number of child labour involved in street hawking is a very common form of child labour in Nigerian cities, these children working from morning to evening and as a result of this, they do not have the time to enroll in schools or most of them drop out of school.
They work long hours under dangerous and hazardous conditions with little or no pay benefits. Education in Nigeria is compulsory for a child that till nine years old. Nigerian government makes primary education free and compulsory for all children However, many children do not attend school, about six million children in Nigeria, both boys and girl, are estimated to be working.
However, ILO states some of the legislation and policies have deteriorated, and are not being imposed.
Violation of Child Rights - Words | Bartleby
Although, there is no direct labour policy in the country, there are several policies and social programmes which aims at improving education, health, population, social development, and child welfare if enforced would help to reduce child labour ILO, The Federal Labor Act Government have set the minimum age for the employment of children at twelve years and is in force in all the 36 states of Nigeria. However, the Child Rights Act prohibits the worst forms of child labour, including the forced labour of children and use of children in prostitution or in armed conflict.
The Labor Act sets different ages for various hazardous occupations. The law forbids children under age of sixteen to work underground or to work with machines but clearly allow children aged between sixteen to eighteen to do these hazardous occupations. The law does not remove children from domestic service, this can increased incentives for parents to send their children to work United States Department of Labor, In Nigeria ratified Convention No.
Nigeria also adopted the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, which appeared to have laid rest to the argument that children have no clearly definable rights in Nigeria. The African Charter has also been domesticated by Nigeria. However, the National Assembly should seriously look into these and other international laws, especially human rights issues that adversely affect the rights and fundamental freedoms of the citizenry.
Essay on Child Labour
The main driving factor in the US for these types of marriages is religion, and with our present culture, the aim is for control. Child and forced marriages in the United States have been around since the beginning. Child marriage, defined as the formal or informal union before the age of 18, affects both girls and boys, even though girls are disproportionately affected USAID, One third of girls in developing countries are married before turning 18 and one in nine are married before the age of 15 ICRW, But will allowing women to have an abortion be a violation of an unborn child 's life, or is not allowing abortion violating a woman 's right to choice, freedom, and control over her body?
This is an important issue, as it will affect any foetus at random, and many women.
- reflective essays on writing.
- write comparative essay two poems.
- tips for writing a great cover letter!
What are the disadvantages of allowing abortion? One 7-year-old child bride said that she knew nothing and had no rights to decide that marriage; marrying to that strange man was considered as an approach to resolve family financial difficulties. This girl would become a full-fledged wife one or two years after the wedding, since which her major tasks were. Children would work around 19 hours a day, having approximately a one hour break, and work for almost no pay.
Everyone had the belief that children. To most of us, the notion of an adult using violence against a child is both repulsive and deplorable, and the worse the behavior is, the more intolerable it seems. But the incidence of teachers, caregivers and parents deliberately and repeatedly committing acts that harm the very children they are supposed to be nurturing is an unfortunate.
Harmful personal and physical effects of child labor A. Low pay B. Very long work hours C. Forbids children. Children in Need The dilemma of childhood and child labor are constantly being argued in overseas and domestic sociological literature. Anthropologists and Sociologists through the time have observed the history and the impact of social institutions on child labor.
Professionals researching in the field of sociology of economics and labor by examining the incentive and value orientations of children and teenagers in the labor force, their principles and working conditions, and their outlook towards. The issue of child labor has drawn significant attention since early s as many labor union and special interest groups advocate banning import of goods produced by the child labor in developing countries and the international consensus in the form of Convention on the Right of the Child CRC which is widely ratified in by countries Boyden, Ling and Myers, However, concern regarding child labor is not new and can be dated back to industrial revolution, especially late eighteenth.
While this imagery is unfortunately founded in fact, the third world is not the only area complicit with this heinous practice. Truthfully, we, as a nation are also guilty of propagating this heinous practice. However, those people believed in a child 's capacity to change the world in the future. While people in the past saw children as a way to change the world while they were children. In the late seventeenth century, industrialization arose in England ushering in a new era of industry in our world. More industry means more workers, including children.
With the rise of industrialization in a nation, child laborers are viciously abused due to their niche roles in production. Chocolate plantations are specifically mentioned because chocolate is such a large industry and many kids, particularly in tropical African countries, are affected by child labor.
Related essays on child rights in india
Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved