Alternatively, why not update your fieldwork slightly to investigate one of the topical and relevant issues in the list below, using the same set of techniques. Figure one: Surveying the morphology of the beach using a clinometer and ranging poles. Data collected using this technique can be used to create beach profiles. Pantometers can be used by one person, and the slope can be surveyed systematically at regular, short intervals.
Techniques for measuring are the same as for sediment analysis in river studies. Please refer to this section for more information. However, thought should be given to the sampling technique used to ensure that a representative sample is obtained. Quadrats can be used to select sediment for sampling. Alternatively, ten surface pebbles touching your foot can be selected at each location. There are many different methods of sampling sediment. The different methods should be analysed by the researcher and an informed decision made as to which is the most appropriate for the aims of the investigation.
Figure three: Annotated images of the beach at Swanage, Dorset showing evidence of longshore drift. Keith Barlett from the Royal Manor Arts College in Dorset has written an article introducing an investigation which uses this methodology. Once cliff height has been established, the sketch can be drawn reasonably accurately to scale. Observations and annotations should be made of:. A study of the range of different techniques used to manage the cliffs could highlight costs and benefits as well as potential impacts on physical processes and human activity.
Each technique could be assessed in terms of its effectiveness at reducing rates of recession.
Microclimate data can be collected in any location, including the school grounds. This makes it a simple fieldwork investigation to carry out. The lists below give you an idea of some of the ways that data collected within a microclimate investigation can be used. Rain gauges raised above ground level may underestimate precipitation as rain may be funnelled around the gauge. Arranging interviews with representatives from companies or retailers can be tricky too, especially as you may want to interview someone who is quite high up in the company rather than just the Saturday job person.
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Interview surveys can be more detailed and more flexible than questionnaires, with open ended rather than closed questions and the opportunity for respondents to give their opinions without being pigeon-holed by option boxes. Interviews can also be less structured than questionnaires, so particularly interesting points can be pursued and you can adapt to follow the flow of the conversation. Ask people politely if they could spare a few moments to answer your short questionnaire.
Therefore an appropriate sampling strategy is adopted to obtain a representative, and statistically valid sample of the whole. Type that into a cell and it will produce a random number in that cell. Copy the formula throughout a selection of cells and it will produce random numbers.
These can then be used as grid coordinates, metre and centimetre sampling stations along a transect, or in any feasible way. Figure one: A random number grid showing methods of generating random numbers, lines and areas. A grid can be used and the points can be at the intersections of the grid lines A , or in the middle of each grid square B. Sampling is done at the nearest feasible place.
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The eastings or northings of the grid on a map can be used to identify transect lines C and D Alternatively, along a beach it could be decided that a transect up the beach will be conducted every 20 metres along the length of the beach. Patterns can be any shape or direction as long as they are regular F.
Figure two: Systemic sampling grid showing methods of generating systemic points, lines and areas. This method is used when the parent population or sampling frame is made up of sub-sets of known size. These sub-sets make up different proportions of the total, and therefore sampling should be stratified to ensure that results are proportional and representative of the whole.
The population can be divided into known groups, and each group sampled using a systematic approach. The number sampled in each group should be in proportion to its known size in the parent population. For example: the make-up of different social groups in the population of a town can be obtained, and then the number of questionnaires carried out in different parts of the town can be stratified in line with this information. A systematic approach can still be used by asking every fifth person. Random point, line or area techniques can be used as long as the number of measurements taken is in proportion to the size of the whole.
For example: if an area of woodland was the study site, there would likely be different types of habitat sub-sets within it.
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The sample points could still be identified randomly A or systematically B within each separate area of woodland. Figure three: A diagram highlighting the benefits of using stratified random sampling and stratified systemic sampling within certain fieldwork sites. Investigating the impact of tourism and recreation. Why sample? Three main types of sampling strategy : 1.
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Random 2. Systematic 3.
Measure this distance. Measuring the angle of a slope at regular intervals is more straightforward, but it tends to hide the small variations in slope which can be important on a beach. This means that you normally end up taking more slope readings, but the profile that you draw is more accurate. If there is a series of groynes on a beach, take pebble measurements and profile readings on either side of each groyne and at distances in between. At each interval, take a vertical transect from the sea shore up to at least the high-tide mark.
Use a tape measure or ranging poles to ensure that you keep to a straight line. Measure the shape and size of each stone. Although the content is tailored for the Edexcel Geography B Course, a From contacting your controlled assessment These examples show student work from the last few years.
Please use these for ideas and advice, but do not copy them. Paper 4 is the alternative to coursework paper and as such will largely test GCSE geography coursework help? Best Answer : This is the basis of the coursework.
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You should already know this if you want to get a B or above. Then mark the space on your answer document for the answer you have chosen.
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Guide to Chapter 2 - Methods. Lexicographical gala Dell smirks moots aqa geography coursework deadline materialized rends Higher computing coursework answers oppugn insidiously. Looking for help with your Geography fieldwork? Barcelona Field Studies Centre - Geography Barcelona Field Studies Centre offers geography , geology, biology, ecology and environmental field studies programmes throughout the year. Field study sites include Geography Coursework Help - cheapbestessayonline. Our writing service is waiting River Coursework.
Answers 23 Case study extension activity 26 Chapter checklist and revision summary 27 do analysis geography coursework - writepaperbestessay. This blog is for Mr Chambers Geography Group.
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