It unleashed a devastating tsunami that travelled thousands of kilometres across the Indian Ocean, taking the lives of nearly , people in countries as far apart as Indonesia, the Maldives. The Boxing Day tsunami in was created due to an earthquake along the 3 plate junction where the Philippine, Pacific and Eurasian plates all meet. The m slip along a km slip plane created an earthquake measures at 9. It caused a tsunami wave which resulted in the deaths of people according to a UN report, though other sources suggested it reached Tsunami hazard assessment in Oregon started with an inundation simulation in the Siletz Bay.
Various parameters were tested with different inundation estimates and run-up from past tsunami deposits Priest, , Inundation maps were then created furthermore in the Oregon Building Code, Oregon limited construction of new important or hazardous buildings in tsunami inundation zones indicated by the inundation maps.
Essay on The Indian Ocean Tsunami
What is a Tsunami? Definition B. Historical background C. What effects do they cause What causes Tsunami? Why do tsunami occur? Where do they occur? How often do they occur What damage do they cause? The financial cost H.
The environmental cost I. The human cost Analyzing and researching J.
Detecting a tsunami K. Planning L. List of illustrations We view with awe a release of power on this scale. We know that this power is greater than that of our species — nature holds us in its hands. We may be able to mitigate some of the consequences; in some cases we may be able to give advance warning of the threat; but we are not in control; the tsunami has demonstrated this ancient truth. Although in Japanese tsunami is used for both the singular and plural, in English tsunamis is well-established as the plural.
The term was created by fishermen who returned to port to find the. The main challenge for all the islands of the Indian Ocean is to coordinate all the national efforts with existing regional and international endeavors to meet their stated priorities before the next tsunami events.
Emergency physicians are knowledgeable on the risks of tsunami and are trained in the field of disaster management, thus they are true expert. They should get involve as leaders in local, national, and international organizations as resources in disaster management as well as humanitarian institutions such as Red Cross.
This paper is the first peer-reviewed paper on the impact of the tsunami on the islands bordering the Indian Ocean and the lessons learned from this event from national, regional, and international organizations to prevent such events from occurring again in the future.
Tsunami is an ever-present and real threat for the these islands of the Indian Ocean due to the presence of a tectonic interactive plate. Their disaster management priority is the development of an early tsunami warning system in order to effectively and timely communicate with all the people in that region.
Disaster management should involve national, regional, and international organizations at all levels in order to develop tsunami program, fund tsunami projects, and continue research program. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Emerg Med Int v. Emerg Med Int. Published online May Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract Tsunami of , caused by a 9.
Learn About Deadly Tsunamis
Introduction Tsunami is a series of ocean waves typically caused by large undersea earthquakes or volcano eruptions at tectonic plate boundaries. Results and Discussion 3. Lessons Learned from Tsunami To prevent the devastating effects of future tsunami, these islands of Indian Ocean have set their priorities in achieving 3 goals [ 5 ]: development of disaster tsunami program which include implementation of tsunami program at national level, regional, and international levels and coordination of all these programs, development of an Indian Ocean early warning system, development of tsunami research program.
National Level The most studied plans are the Madagascar plan, the tsunami early warning and response system in Mauritius, and the creation of the Department of Risk and Disaster Management in Seychelles.
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It includes 5 objectives: development of national evacuation plan on tsunami, establishment of early warning system in conjunction with regional system, increase public and community awareness through publication and training of media and local authorities, conduct mock exercises on tsunami, strengthen the operational capacity of national meteorological service to include national warning system.
Regional Level Disaster management is a regional priority in the Indian Ocean due to permanent threat of cyclones, floods, and tsunamis. The stated two goals set by a series of regional meetings in and are [ 6 ] the following: implementation of Indian Ocean tsunami warning and mitigation system IOTWS , which focused on defining disaster management and reduction prevention, mitigation, response and relief of disaster by all the participating countries, development of integrated regional information network IRIN with the goals of creation of an early warning system for the islands in the Indian Ocean and ensuring adequate equipment to manage natural disasters including tsunamis.
Future and Challenges The main challenge for all the islands of the Indian Ocean is to coordinate all the national efforts with existing regional and international endeavors to meet their stated priorities before the next tsunami events. The role of one special group of physicians should be mentioned at all these levels.
Conclusion This paper is the first peer-reviewed paper on the impact of the tsunami on the islands bordering the Indian Ocean and the lessons learned from this event from national, regional, and international organizations to prevent such events from occurring again in the future.
References 1. WHO- Situation report on tsunami. The world wide web virtual library tsunami disaster —www. James DE. Imaging crust and upper mantle beneath southern Africa: the southern Africa broadband seismic experiment. Leading Edge. Indian Ocean tsunami disaster December 26, and reconstruction-Coordinates. Okal EA, et al. Field survey of the Indonesian Tsunami in Madagascar.
Earthquake Spectra. Mitigating natural disasters through collective action: the effectiveness of Tsunami early warnings. Southern Economic Journal. Suter K. After the tsunami: the politics of international relief.
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